Nepřihlášený uživatel | Zaregistrovat se


Věda a technika, mládeži




Zasláno do klubu

Vědecké spory

Až zvládnou generativisté to co konekcionisté začnu je brát vážně :-)

Jinak abych to nějak zasadil do kontextu:
One view of language, originating with Chomsky
[1,2], championed by Fodor and Pylyshyn [3] and widely
pursued by Pinker [4-7], holds that abstract symbolic
rules play a central role in the human language processing.
This claim is part of a broader view that human
cognitive mechanisms are symbolic, modular, innate,
and domain-specific[4]. An alternative view, from
Rumelhart and McClelland [8—See Box], challenges the
need for the use of rules. This view arises within the
Parallel Distributed Processing (PDP) or connectionist
framework [9], in which cognitive processes are seen as
graded, probabilistic, interactive, context-sensitive, and
domain-general. Acquisition of language and other abilities
occurs via gradual adjustment of the connections
among simple processing units. Characterizations of performance
as ‘rule-governed’ are viewed as approximate
descriptions of patterns of language use; no actual rules
operate in the processing of language.
Given these observations, the plausible
candidate mechanisms of human linguistic and conceptual
processes are those that can exploit quasi-regularity.
Single-system connectionist models have this property;
the words or rules theory does not.